The EXB represents the General Conference, exercises the powers delegated to it, and deals with the questions with which it is entrusted. In particular the EXB:
examines the programme of work and budget estimates of UNESCO and submits them to the General Conference with its recommendations (Const. Article V. B. 6a);
makes recommendations on the admission of new States that are not members of the United Nations (Const. Article II.2);
makes recommendations to the General Conference vis-à-vis the appointment of the DG (Const. Article IV.7);
supervises the execution of the Programme and, in this connection, considers the reports on activities submitted by the Director-General (Const. Article V.B.10, V.B.6.b);
summons extraordinary session of the General Conference (Const. Article IV.9);
summons non-governmental conferences on education, the sciences and humanities or the dissemination of knowledge, in accordance with regulations adopted by the General Conference. (Const. Article IV.3).