| Conduct during voting
After the Chairman has announced the beginning of voting, no one shall interrupt the voting except on a point of order in connection with the actual conduct of the voting. (Rule 49)
Decisions of the Board shall be taken by a simple majority of the Members present and voting, except where otherwise specified in these Rules. For the purposes of determining the majority, only Members casting an affirmative or negative vote shall be counted as ‘present and voting’; Members who abstain from voting shall be considered as not voting. (Rule 50)
In the following cases a two-thirds majority of the Members present and voting is required:
– reconsideration of proposals (Rule 45);
– consultation by correspondence (Rule 60);
– amendment of Rules of Procedure (Rule 66);
– suspension of Rules of Procedure (Rule 67);
– establishment, before each session of the General Conference, of the list of States not Members of UNESCO which are to be invited to send observers to that session.(Rule 51)
Show of hands
Voting shall normally be by show of hands. In this case, if there is any doubt concerning the result of a vote, the Chairman may take a second vote by show of hands or by roll-call. (Rule 52)
At the request of any Member, a vote shall be taken by roll-call; Members’ names shall be called in alphabetical order and the vote of each Member participating shall be recorded in the summary record of the meeting. (Rule 53)
The nomination of a candidate for the post of Director-General shall be decided by secret ballot.
All other elections and decisions relating to individuals shall be voted on by secret ballot whenever five or more Members shall so request or if the Chairman shall so decide.